After the war, the CID was once again decentralized, with control of criminal investigations transferred to area commands in the s and further down to the installation level in the s. A Department of Defense study in entitled Project Security Shield made clear that complete recentralization of the Army's criminal investigative effort was needed in order to produce a more efficient and responsive worldwide capability.
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Beginning in , criminal investigative elements were reorganized into CID groups corresponding to geographical areas in the United States. In , the concept was introduced to units in Europe and the Far East. However, this arrangement did not fully resolve all the coordination problems, and in , the U. See more on CID history at . Candidates must have served at least two years of military service not more than 10 years , at least one year of military police experience or two years of civilian law enforcement experience and a minimum of 60 college credit hours.
Other requirements include but are not limited to credit checks, physical fitness requirements, normal color vision, the ability to obtain a Top Secret clearance, a drivers license and no history of mental or emotional disorders. Some requirements may be waived. Candidates must have also demonstrated leadership potential, management abilities and good communication skills. These officers do not supervise the conduct of criminal investigations. The primary mission of the CID, according to the organization's website , is to:. CID at a crime scene. Due to the nature of their work, undercover assignments dictate further variations of attire to support specific undercover mission requirements.
When deployed to certain combat environments, and during other special times and circumstances, CID agents wear Army Combat Uniforms , replacing rank insignia with subdued versions of officer "U. For official photographs, and certain duty assignments, they wear the uniforms, rank and insignia of any other MP soldier of their respective ranks. The design of the shoulder sleeve insignia has the central star and the lines of latitude and longitude suggesting a globe. Together with the arrowheads, they mark the points of a compass, symbolizing the basic worldwide mission of the command: To perform and exercise centralized command authority, direction and control of Army criminal investigation activities worldwide.
Red, white, and blue are the national colors. The CID distinctive unit insignia has a central star symbolizing centralized command. The grid lines allude to the latitude lines of the globe, thus referring to the worldwide activities of the organization. The grid lines also suggest a stylized web, with eight sides representing the original eight geographical regions of the command. The web, a symbol of criminal apprehension, is the result of methodical construction alluding to the scientific methods of criminal investigations.
The outer points of the star further symbolize far-reaching authority.
United States Army Criminal Investigation Command - Wikipedia
Specific information relating to modus operandi, crime techniques, investigative leads, gang violence, and terrorism is shared with the appropriate intelligence and law-enforcement agencies. Special agents identify and evaluate crime-conducive conditions and indicators of potential attacks against Army property, facilities, or personnel. They then provide reports to the appropriate commander.
Additionally, although there is no formal staff relationship, USACIDC commanders advise their supported commanders on criminal-investigation matters. Tracking and protecting materials and equipment from the manufacturer to the soldier on the battlefield. Collecting, consolidating, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence associated with criminal and terrorists activities targeted at Army interests. Investigating war crimes and, in some cases, crimes against coalition forces and HN personnel.
The United States Army Criminal Investigation Command
As in peacetime, protecting key personnel anywhere on the battlefield. It involves preventing, detecting, and investigating criminal and terrorist activities such as supply diversion, destruction, and sabotage or product substitution. Upon collecting this information, agents recommend countermeasures to combat subversive activities through coordination with MI, the PM, rear-area operations officers, and HN military and civil intelligence agencies. When this happens, it is tasked with leading the prevention-of-terrorism effort from all services, not just the Army component. War crimes and, when directed, crimes against coalition forces and HN personnel.
Criminal acts by indigenous personnel, factions, and ad hoc groups.
The protection requirement for senior JTFs and Army commanders may be significantly greater during MOOTW than during peacetime or war as the propensity of asymmetrical threats such as criminal and terrorist groups operating in the AO also increases. As with many other Army organizations, its force is in a transition process. The group headquarters has a command section, a detachment headquarters, an S1, an S2, an S3, an S4, an SJA, and a communications section. It provides C 2 for up to six subordinate battalions.
Major differences in the AOE and Force XXI groups are in an increase of support and mission personnel and the movement of all polygraph support down to battalion level.
Criminal Investigations Special Agent (31D)
The battalion headquarters consists of a command section, a detachment headquarters, an S1, an S2, an S3, an S4, and a communications section. Its span of control can accommodate up to seven detachments for a short period of time. Each team consists of two special agents a warrant officer and a noncommissioned officer [NCO]. METT-TC requirements dictate that these teams have the capability to operate independently from the detachment headquarters. Both designs provide levels of flexibility to task-organize without splitting units apart.
Each detachment includes a headquarters section and up to eight investigative teams.
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Each section consists of four investigative teams. Personnel administration, supply, and the bulk of administrative support found in the AOE organizations have been consolidated at battalion. Additionally, the Force XXI detachment is commanded by a special-agent warrant officer. Both the AOE and the Force XXI units retain the Army's standard dependencies upon other units for support requirements religious, health services, finance, photographic processing, and so forth. Sensitive investigations are normally conducted by the field investigative unit FIU.
The FIU is a one-of-a-kind organization within the DOD that enables the Secretary of the Army to conduct sensitive investigations requiring access to special information or programs that are highly classified. The FIU works closely with the Army IG, the Judge Advocate General of the Army, and the Army General Counsel to support commanders in the special-operations and intelligence communities and in the area of classified acquisition programs. The FIU may also be assigned investigations involving senior Army personnel or those of special interest to the Army leadership.